About Science

About Science


Kazakhstan is a country with a rich history, a country of great opportunities that strives to become one of the most competitive economies in the world.

The Republic of Kazakhstan is a unitary state with a presidential form of government.

The Republic of Kazakhstan possesses a powerful scientific and technical potential, which has been developed through the integration of the scientific heritage of past researchers and the development of domestic scientific research in the era of independence.


The history of science in Kazakhstan spans centuries. Even in ancient times, the nomadic peoples inhabiting these vast territories developed knowledge in the fields of animal husbandry, metallurgy, and astronomy. They created complex systems of time measurement and studied the movements of stars, indicating a high level of intellectual activity.

However, the formation of organized scientific activity in Kazakhstan began in more recent times, at the beginning of the 20th century, with the establishment of institutions such as the ‘Kazakh Scientific Research Veterinary Institute’ (1905) and the ‘Krasnovodsk Seed-Breeding Station’ (1909).


Kazakhstan’s scientific priorities are diverse and correspond to its unique needs and goals. Over the past few decades, many universities, research organizations, and institutes have been established in the country, actively working in various fields of science, including geology, metallurgy, chemistry, and others.

Thus, the country’s experience in space exploration, including the well-known Baikonur Cosmodrome as a coordination center, positions it as one of the key players in the global aerospace industry.

Energy and natural resources are also important areas of activity due to the rich reserves of oil, gas, and minerals in Kazakhstan.

Research and development in renewable energy technologies, resource management, and energy efficiency contribute to both economic development and environmental sustainability.

Agriculture and food security are of paramount importance, stimulating research initiatives aimed at increasing yields, improving agricultural practices, and addressing water scarcity and climate change.

The study of environmental sciences is stimulated by the diverse ecosystems of Kazakhstan, including research on biodiversity, the impact of climate change, and the formation of a sustainable environmental policy.

In addition, the country is striving to develop its information technology sector, focusing on digital innovation, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and data analysis.

The pursuit of biomedical sciences, biotechnologies, biosafety, and health development is another important priority aimed at improving medical services, solving public health problems, and promoting progress in biomedical research.

Kazakhstan’s historic involvement in nuclear technology has stimulated research in nuclear science and technology, especially in areas such as safety, waste management, and the study of nuclear energy as a sustainable energy source.

Kazakhstan also actively cooperates with other countries and international organizations in the field of scientific research.

The international program ‘Bolashak’ and the scientific program ‘Zhas Galym’ provide a unique opportunity for citizens of Kazakhstan to study and undergo an internship at the best universities in the world. They make it possible to train highly qualified specialists and strengthen the country’s human capital. The programs also promote the exchange of knowledge and experience and contribute to the development of Kazakhstan and its integration into the world scientific community.

Taking into account the priority of the development of science, the Head of State signed a Decree ‘On the establishment of the National Council for Science and Technology under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.’ The Council’s activities are aimed at improving the management of the national scientific system and developing recommendations for determining priorities for the further development of state policy in the field of science and scientific and technical activities of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Recently, the Republic of Kazakhstan has carried out large-scale transformations in the management system of the scientific and technical sphere.

Thus, the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Kazakhstan was established, responsible for the development of science in the country. The status of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan has been elevated by consolidating it under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Special attention has been paid to creating a favorable environment for scientific research, innovation, and the development of the scientific community.

Reforming science in Kazakhstan is the foundation for the development of the country in all areas. Kazakhstan continues to move forward in science and technology, striving to make the world a better and more innovative place.

The country is proud of its achievements and strives for further progress in science and technology to continue contributing to country, regional, and global development.